The chamois is a protected species under the Biodiversity Act. In order to involve the local hunting communities in its protection, every year a special commission at the Ministry of Environment and Waters permits shooting of several trophy chamois on the territory of the Western Rhodopes. The species is included in the Red Book of the Republic of Bulgaria in the category "endangered".
The Balkan chamois and its habitats are protected by the European Habitats Directive (Directive 92/43). It is also included in Annex III of the Berne Convention, ratified by Bulgaria on 01/25/1991, in force since 05/01/1991.